The purpose of this pro-creationism essay is to document
several potentially unevolveable organisms of staggering complexity and
design. As much as evolutionists will try, their (often pathetic) attempts
to deny the undeniable, that life exhibits all the hallmarks of
intelligent design, inevitably falter when faced with the evidence. As the
rest of this document demonstrates, intelligent creation is necessary to
explain the mind-boggling complexity of many organisms.
"Biology is the study of complicated things that give
the appearance of having been designed for a purpose by God, but we
won't admit that even if he comes down from heaven and slaps us
silly." - Richard Dawkins, Oxford University Professor of
Zoology by day, godless communist sympathizer by night
The Argument from Irreducible Grotesqueness
"By irreducibly grotesque [IG] I mean a single
slaughter-related system composed of several well-matched, interacting
parts that contribute to the basic function, wherein the removal of any
one of the parts causes the system to effectively cease
functioning." - Michael J. Behe, Lehigh University
Professor of Biochemistry
In his 1996 best-seller God's S&M Chest, Dr. Behe
describes, in meticulous detail, more than a dozen irreducibly grotesque
organisms and their elaborately designed subsystems. He convincingly
argues that multi-component maiming systems cannot evolve: Since evolution
supposedly operates via incremental changes, the likelihood of
spontaneously creating an IG system out of thin air, in one generation,
drops exponentially as the number of required parts goes up. Since no
other process, now known or hereafter discovered, can (even in principle)
account for IG systems, intelligent design is verified by process of
Heathen, God-hating evolutionists like Kenneth Miller have
recognized how powerful this argument is at dispelling their propaganda,
and have attempted several rebuttals. While the scope of this essay does
not include addressing them, a few general observations, borrowed from Dr.
Behe's latter writings, are in order.
First, the common-sense fact that IG systems can't evolve is
not refuted merely by demonstrating a possible evolutionary
pathway. It's not enough merely to show that an IG system can
evolve; the burden of proof rests squarely on the evos to show all of
these did evolve. As Dr. Behe convincingly shows using a variety of
scripture passages, the default assumption when dealing with biology
should be design first, other processes second.
Second, there's no evidence that evolution can cobble
together IG systems. Evolutionists will mention examples of bacteria with
new IG systems being found in isolated petri dishes. They'll point out the
startling genetic similarities between bits of known systems used for
other purposes, and a newly discovered IG system. They'll point to
computer simulations ("genetic algorithms") which evolved multiple dozens
of independent functions all required for a larger whole. They'll even
show fossil series with anatomy that appears to incrementally change from
an innocuous to grotesque function simply by modifying and refining
But they can't really prove any of this. Bacterial colonies
can be contaminated; similarities can be explained by similar design;
computer simulations can be rigged; at least some fossils are
likely planted by Satan; and finally, there's nothing preventing God from
creating an IG system here or there through evolution. How does one
design an experiment that, even in principle, excludes an omnipresent
deity's possible influence? Until these "scientists" can answer that,
their "vain babblings and oppositions of science falsely so called"
(1 Tim 6:20) should be taken with a grain, or preferably bucket of
Third, the issue of plausible mechanisms cannot simply be
ignored. This is where intelligent design truly shines. As any student of
the Inquisition Era should know, intelligence can demonstrably
create IG systems; but no other process capable of this has been
documented (see point #2). Moreover, the life, miracle-working, and
Resurrection of Jesus Christ is better attested historically than Augustus
Caesar, World War II, and George W. Bush's incompetence put together. Our
theory's mechanisms are simple, elegant and well supported, requiring no
recourse to oddball hypotheses and idle speculation. Conversely, what
evidence for their esoteric and unproven mechanisms of "natural selection"
can evolutionists draw on? A few breeds of dog--which haven't evolved
horns and learned to fly despite centuries of efforts to prove their
theory--and some moths. Any reasonably open-minded person should see a
credibility problem here.
While Dr. Behe's book is a worthwhile (and exciting) read in
and of itself, here is a more accessible, shortened summary of several
particularly amazing organisms he describes.
Complex Things, ergo Goddidit
"All things sick and cancerous, All evil great and
small, All things foul and dangerous, The Lord God made them
all." - Monty Python
Killer Wasps (Sphecius speciosus). These critters have an
utterly fascinating life cycle. After mating, the female digs a burrow.
She excavates several oval chambers at the deep end. She then goes hunting
for cicadas, stings them with a powerful paralyzing agent, and drags them
back home. She lays eggs next to the cicadas and seals them up in the
chamber. Incredibly, the venom only paralyzes, not kills; it
preserves the cicadas, keeping them free from decomposition for several
days while the larvae feast on their innards. The vital organs are eaten
first, and the brain last.
This IG organism requires an impressive mosaic of
interdependent designs. Without the incapacitating preservative agent, the
cicadas would begin decomposing well before the wasp's larvae hatch;
without a sting to inject it with, the agent would be useless; without an
instinct to dig the burrow, or drag the frozen cicada back home for that
matter, the wasp would have gone extinct long ago; and so on.
spines. These have become the bane of many a
catfish (Vandellia cirrhosa). This is a tiny catfish, often
less than one inch long, that lives in the Amazon and Oranoco rivers of
South America. Voraciously bloodthirsty, they often crawl up the anus or
urethra of unsuspecting human bathers. They deploy specially built spines,
located around their head, to draw blood and anchor themselves.
Unfortunately, they then tend to swell and get stuck inside. The spines
are designed so well that only surgery (usually amputation of the genital
area) can get rid of them!
The interplay of systems required for this little fish is
similarly amazing. In particular, the spines are a miraculously crafted
example of divine ingenuity.
Symptoms of Bancroftian
Filariasis, a.k.a. elephantiasis.
bancrofti. The complex life cycle of this microscopic worm is
simply a nail in the coffin for evolution! Bancroftian larvae, carried by
tropical mosquitoes, infest the human bloodstream, where they migrate to
the nearest lymph glands. Several months of development later, they emerge
into the blood as adults. These parasites can survive in the blood for
many years, causing severe damage to the lymphatic vessels. The subsequent
immune response produces a disfiguring disease known as
Eventually, the adult worms mate. Their offspring approach
the lungs and are programmed to emerge at night, when mosquitoes are most
active. When they get a chance, some of them enter a mosquito host,
penetrate the gut wall, and slip into the insect's thoracic muscles.
There, they mature into third-stage, human-infecting larvae to repeat this
well-designed cycle all over again.
Bugs (Triatoma protracta and others). These insects, many
of which can be readily identified by a distinctive "X" on their back,
have such a fine biting mouthpart that the sleeping victim never even
feels it piercing their lip, eyelids or ears to feed! Of course, as
Dr. William Dembski has shown, there are "no free lunches"; the pain comes
later, and some experience deadly anaphylactic shock from the insect's
A finely-designed parasite which causes Chagas' disease, an
incurable form of African sleeping sickness, is also sometimes transmitted
by the bug. If you live in a Central or Southern American country, where
some estimates place 25% of the population at risk, you may want to pray
that God protects you from His creations.
A lion after
(Panthera leo). As zoologists have long observed, these rank
among the most efficient terrestrial killing machines on the planet. The
lion's combination of speed, stealth, brute strength and state-of-the-art
weaponry is beyond repute.
A lesser-known lion fact is that adult males, when they take
over a rival pride's territory, seek out and tear apart every one of the
loser's cubs. As a result, their mothers come into heat sooner, which
lends certain benefits to the males. As before, this instinct is difficult
to explain without invoking a design hypothesis. The lions need to track
down cubs, positively identify them as someone else's, and only
then kill them. How would such an elaborate series of complex
Mange. This (unrelated)
condition is caused by a subcutaneous mite. God appears to have been
doubly thorough here.
penetrans. These ectoparasitic insects are known by many
names--"chiggers" and similar dialectical variants, sand fleas, and so on.
Unlike other fleas, they can burrow into and survive under the skin
of the host. This can cause devastating skin damage--and creates an
opportunity for secondary infections by bacteria--especially around the
paws and scrotal area.
Favored hosts include domesticated animals like dogs and goats, but the
fleas can infest a wide variety of animals; as a result, people are often
cross-infected. Once they set up shop, getting them out from under the
skin can be a difficult affair, usually requiring painstaking surgical
removal of individual fleas. This testifies to their effectiveness as an
obviously designed biological weapon.
Effects of a
screw-worm fly maggot
flies (Chrysomia bezziana, Cochliomyia hominivorax).
These flies are attracted to damaged or soiled skin/fur, and lay their
eggs right in exposed areas such as eyes and mucous membranes. When the
maggots emerge, they burrow into the animal's flesh and feed there,
resulting in "fly strike." This is reportedly one of the most sickening
conditions ever treated by veterinarians, and can cause a debilitating,
painful death if left untreated.
Like several examples above, the screw-worm fly has
splendidly designed life cycle involving a number of systems, all working
in unison, to make it possible at the expense of a host. Eat that,
A tongue-eating isopod
enjoys its new home.
isopod (Cymothoa exigua). This small crustacean feeds on
the tongue of the rose snapper, its host fish. The snapper's tongue
eventually atrophies and degenerates from this activity. The isopod then
uses advanced hook-like structures to attach itself to the fish's mouth,
remaining there and acting as a replacement tongue (while getting first
shots at any incoming meals).
This bizarre creature from the depths of the Gulf of
California points out God's...interesting sense of humor. But it's
also a nasty problem for evolution. The isopod's anchoring mechanism,
instincts, and ability to skillfully avoid being eaten as it feasts on the
fish's tongue (and later, steals food) requires an intelligent designer to
leprae. This bacterium, which causes leprosy, has
several complex systems designed to defeat the protection offered by the
(also designed) immune system. This includes lipid disguises, the
ability to hijack a discarded immune system protein to mask itself from
white blood cells, suppressing the immune response itself, and other
Aided by these God-given abilities, the germ invades the
body and causes permanently disfiguring lesions, sensory loss in the
affected areas, and other symptoms. In the latter stages, gangrene can set
in, resulting in the death of entire body parts.
burgdorferi [free registration at The Scientist required to
read]. This spirochete, which causes 10,000 or so cases of Lyme
disease in the United States per year, continues to confound scientists
with its legendary immune system-bypassing mechanisms. Even evolutionists
admit the startling analogies to human-designed IG systems it
In early stages of infection, it escapes detection in the
bloodstream by decreasing emissions of surface proteins; it can also cloak
itself under a special layer of slime. "It's using some sort of
stealth-bomber-type mechanism," notes Yale veterinary researcher
Stephen Barthold. It can also pinch off bits of its membrane to divert
immune system resources on a wild goose chase, a process known as
"blebbing." Dr. Alan G. Barbour of the University of Texas Health Science
Center (San Antonio), author of Lyme Disease: The Cause, the Cure, the
Controversy (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996) concedes that
"It's like a bacterial Star Wars defense program," an impressive
admission from an evolutionist.
Unfortunately, despite their ability to see the obvious
hallmarks of design in this little bacterium, scientists simply can't
admit that their cherished naturalistic theories on the origin of the
universe and life are wrong.
(subclass Cestoda). This diverse variety of parasitic organisms
is a veritable marvel of engineering. The adult worm's head contains a
staggering assortment of barbed hooks and suckers lining the edges, which
enable it to hold on to the intestine. In the meantime, the host faces
vitamin B-12 deficiency and malnutrition; brain, liver, heart and lung
problems caused by infestation of those organs; potentially fatal
anaphylaxis (allergic reaction) from ruptured worm cysts; and a variety of
But I digress.... The lifecycle of these creatures makes
evolutionary biologists run home crying to their mommas. Inside the
intestine, they produce hundreds of reproductive segments, each of which
contains thousands of larvae. These segments pass thru the feces of the
primary host, are left on grass, and get ingested by smaller, intermediate
hosts like rats. Once eaten by the secondary host, the larvae burrow
through its intestinal wall and lodge inside muscle tissue or internal
organs. When a predator eats the insides of an infested animal, the larvae
emerge, travel to the animal's intestines, and begin to repeat the
Surely, this is a lifecycle that just screams of the
super-intelligent mind Who designed it!
Some hot bee-flower
sex. (Courtesy of Prof. Manfred Ayasse, Department of
Experimental Ecology, University of
orchids (genus Ophrys). While not an irreducibly
grotesque system, this unusual group of flowers should still be
noted as a problem for evolution. Their structure mimics that of female
bees and wasps, down to copying their looks and even pheromones. When a
lonely male insect tries to mate with one, a specialized organ
(appropriately called the "labellum") coats him with pollen. This ensures
that other flowers of the same species will be pollinated later, and
demonstrates that you can catch more bees with sex than you can with
Dr. Behe (begrudgingly) puts forth a rock-solid scriptural
case that the God of the Bible could not have created these flowers. While
the other organisms listed here have dramatic precedent in the plagues,
devastations, etc. of both Old and New Testaments, a flower specifically
designed to promote kinky, cross-species sex is out of the question. He
hypothesizes that this is the result of Satan's diabolically perverted
influence on the origin of species.
ants (Adetomyrma venatrix). Adults of this species of
Madagascar ant have some rather unusual feeding habits. When hungry, they
sometimes tear holes in the head of their own larvae and drink the blood,
a.k.a. hemolymph, that flows within.
An Orca whale on the
Whales (Orcinus Orca). The cute, cuddly marine mammals we
all recognize from Sea World and a variety of TV documentaries. But
beneath their attractrive exterior lies a harsher, ruthless side. They may
appear harmless, but in truth they're some of the most powerful and
ruthless predators ever to grace the sea. Their voracious appetite for
seals, sea lions, dolphins and even other whales knows few bounds.
One of many cute, unsuspecting
Orcas take their time with meals, like the best of
connoisseurs. As noted in the 2002 report on Predation Behavior of
Transient Killer Whales in Monterey Bay, California, their hunting
will involve a "...long process of incapacitating... by
tossing, body and tail slams, and then in most cases, ending the
attack by drowning the prey." Orcas will drown a creature by
dragging it under the water for as long as necessary. For many marine
mammals that can hold their breath well, such as the Northern Elephant
Seal, this ordeal can last for over an hour. Most impressive is the way
Killer Whales deal with their brethren, the Gray Whales:
"As much as six hours may pass from initial attack
to kill with ramming, biting, pulling on the pectoral fins, and
attempts to separate the mother from the calf. During this period
the mother and calf try to dash for the safety of shallow water and the
mother Gray will often roll belly up and her calf will get on top of her
for brief periods of safety from the intense
The Killer Whale--one of the most powerful killing machines
on the planet, a veritable submarine nightmare--the product of chance, or
Behold the effects of the rabies
virus. (Courtesy of Tanya VanTighem and Leticia
(genus Lyssavirus). Upon infection, this incredible RNA-based
virus modifies the host animal's behavior and physiology in several subtle
ways that help it spread further. It causes the following symptoms:
Extreme hunger, which can go so far as to cause the host to
chew on inedible objects;
Restlessness, which can make it wander around tirelessly;
Disorientation, which will make it less aware of risks;
Irritability, which will make it more prone to
Loss of inhibitions and fears, which will make it attack even
dangerous prey it would normally avoid relentlessly;
Increased production of saliva, which will ensure better
transmission of the virus;
Inability to swallow, leaving even more saliva in the mouth,
which will amplify the effect;
And aggressive behavior, which, along with the prior
modifications, will ensure a steady supply of additional hosts for the
To suggest that evolution, an utterly mindless process
lacking a specified goal, could program the rabies virus to successfully
hijack its host's neurology and physiology to its own benefit with such
damning attention to detail stretches credulity to the breaking limit.
A Guinea worm-infested leg.
(Courtesy of the Filarial Genome
worms (Dracunculus medinensis). Another creature with an
interesting multi-stage lifecycle, the adult of this species actually
requires a human host. Described by Greek, Roman, Arabian and other
scholars in antiquity, possibly the "fiery serpents" alluded to by Numbers
ch. 21, the disease has a long and fascinating history among tribes living
in arid lands.
The female of the species can grow several feet in length,
and is quite a sight to behold. They grow up under the skin, most commonly
in the legs, ankles and feet. Interestingly, once they mate, the adult
males die off; only the females remain. Their bodies become disturbingly
swollen with a huge number of embryos. Eventually, the female worm's body
wall bursts open, causing a massive allergic reaction and extreme
irritation; this is possibly responsible for the origin of the term "fiery
serpent." A painful ulcer then develops, which eventually ruptures as
well. The worm then comes out, partially extending itself from the
opening, and begins to expel its offspring.
Removing the worm, which can be a meter long, is an
all-or-nothing deal. Anaphylactic shock will set in if only part of the
body is severed. The most common folk remedy, albeit one that neither
guards against the side effects of infestation nor prevents reinfection,
is slowly and very carefully winding the exposed worm onto a short
stick over the course of several days, removing it from the wound bit by
Afflicted individuals usually seek out water sources to dull
the pain and clean the wound. This plays right into the worm's lifecycle:
The embryos seek out water as they emerge and are quickly eaten by
copepods, tiny shrimp-like crustaceans, which serve as the intermediate
host. New human victims are then infected as they drink water contaminated
with infected copepods, and the spectacular cycle begins anew.
The Babirusa hog displaying
its odd pseudo-tusks.
hog (Babyrousa babyrussa). This odd-looking Indonesian pig,
while not dangerous to humans, is another excellent example of God's sense
of humor. The males have brittle tusks that develop from their canine
teeth and curve back inwards on their heads; they continue growing
throughout and, if not broken off in the course of life, eventually pierce
their skull between the eyes.
The bizarre appearance of this creature (endemic to Sulawesi
Island) has spawned many legends and superstitions among the populace,
such as inspiring the creation of shamanistic masks.
(Loa loa). Don't let the name fool you. Adults of this African
nematode species, which can measure around a centimeter in length, can
nest under the skin in virtually any part of the body. Along the way, they
can cause intense inflammation. Several infestations in the same tendon
can cause permanent, extremely painful, incapacitating cyst-like
Once inside the body, developing worms become fairly
restless and travel throughout the skin. Their name is inspired by the
most common form of the parasite's detection--the horrified host (or their
friends) noticing the worms as they swim around on (and often damage) the
Like many other parasitic worms, Loa loa larvae
exploit an intermediate vector species on their way to and from humans. In
this case, the honors are bestowed on infested Chrysops flies. As
you can see, this is another undeniably IG system involving several
interacting components--the worm, an intermediate host, and our target
species itself. And that's even ignoring peripheral considerations, such
as structures the flies and worms possess that work to make such
diabolical infiltration possible in the first place: wings, biting
mouthparts, complex muscle groups, instincts, etc.
Effects of Flesh-eating
bacteria. (Courtesy of Jeff Fine et
bacteria (Streptococcus pyogenes). Particularly
virulent strains of A group streptococci feed on human flesh, causing the
dreaded Necrotizing Fasciitis/Myositis, which you've no doubt sporadically
heard about in the news. While a comparatively rare disease, the
symptoms are quite grotesque, and are more than enough to warrant the
attention it's received over the past several years.
But this bacterium isn't just a one-trick pony; it possesses
a variety of meticulously designed virulence factors, and is an overall
marvel of infectious creativity. It can also cause:
Scarlet and rheumatic fevers;
And a number of other illnesses.
As you can see, you never know just what you're going
to get! Think of it as God's personal version of Wheel of
A Sand Tiger shark baring
its menacing teeth.
Tiger sharks (Odontaspis taurus & related sp.).
Although not (generally) a threat to swimmers, this vicious-looking shark
has another curious aspect worth noting--its reproductive system. Unlike
most sharks, which lay eggs, female Sand Tigers give birth to no more than
two live pups. However, they originally have several more embryos than
that. Inside the uterus, which is separated into two sections, the first
pup to hatch in each chamber simply devours the rest.
Reproduction in general involves several interdependent
systems; but this particular example is even more impressive. This shark's
very womb shows the marks of a great intelligence--an intelligence that
likes to play practical jokes on its creations. In other words, Someone
like the God of the Bible. Is this yet another coincidence that
makes sense under creationism, but none with evolution?
Plague bacterium (Yersinia pestis). The reasons this
ancient menace is so dangerous are not yet entirely understood, but a
large part of it surely involves the Type III virulence factor injection
system the germ possesses. This system is too complex to describe without
technical language, so let's quote from the description at the University
of Georgia's website (above):
"Once inside the host, Y. pestis build the Ysc
injectisome... a structure comprised of 27 proteins which function as a
syringe-like organelle spanning the cell membrane... [which] achieves
contact with the host cell via adhesions and integrins on Y. pestis. Yop B
and Yop D are transported through the injectisome by ATP hydrolysis into
the host cell membrane. Once inserted into the cell membrane, effector
Yops disrupt the actin cytoskeleton of the host cell membrane. This
system gives Y. pestis the ability to evade phagocytosis, preventing
an inflammatory response which leads to massive tissue
Dr. Behe quotes the type III organelle as the single best,
flagship example of an irreducibly grotesque system currently known. It
has not a few, but dozens of interdependent components; it serves a
single, specific function, lending the germ which carries it the ability
to penetrate cell membranes and inject them with potent toxins; and it
eerily resembles syringes and darts used by assassins and international
terrorists around the world. If evolutionists cannot concede this
fascinating bit of cellular machinery is designed by a profound
intelligence, then nothing will convince them, and they truly are
"without excuse" (Romans 1:19-20).
Sacculinainfestation (yellow globules) on a crab. (Courtesy of the
University of Hong Kong)
Carcini. This barnacle, possibly the crowning glory of earth's
biota, can castrate and quite literally zombify the Green River crab. The
female floats in the water, finds a crab, drills a hole in its leg, and
injects a small amount of her innards. These cells wander around inside
the crustacean and eventually lodge in its belly. Possession tendrils
begin to infest the entire creature, forcing it to stop growing. If male,
the crab is feminized; the parasitic barnacle's egg sac replaces the
original reproductive system.
But the process isn't over yet. The
female Sacculina punches numerous holes in the neutered crab's body
so that male barnacles can get in and fertilize its eggs. Once that's
accomplished, the tendrils take over the crab's nervous system, making it
autonomously guard, care for and clean the parasitic egg sac as if it were
its own. And once they hatch, a repeat performance is in order.
vivid, more detailed account of this most excellent example of God's
creativity can be found in Carl Zimmer's Parasite Rex (New York:
The Free Press, 2001).
As the above examples, along with thousands more,
illustrate, evolutionists simply can't explain the incredible complexity
found in nature in terms of any unintelligent process. What good is half a
Candiru head, or a few bits of a type III secretion system? How could
Guinea Worms survive in an intermediate form without a human host?
Some (of the more liberal) Christians claim these organisms
were benign in the past and "degenerated" after the Fall. But this is an
ill thought-out position. Parasites aren't just slimmed-down
versions of analogous creatures. While they can lack redundant (vis a
vis their lifestyle) features like an independent digestive tract or
ability to survive outside the bloodstream, as shown above, they have
other, equally complex features--like a variety of startling abilities to
infiltrate, evade immune detection and modify host behavior--to make up
for it. Attributing such effective engineering solutions to a degenerative
evolutionary process, as opposed to God's creativity, not only may qualify
as heresy, but is contradicted by the evidence. Only one conclusion can
really explain the data--these organisms, and the specific features they
possess, are individually, unmistakably, intelligently and
painstakingly designed for various...specific purposes.
Coincidentally, the reason some continue to insist on blind
processes such as mutation and natural selection in the face of
overwhelming evidence to the contrary is because the
alternative--creation--is an uncomfortable infringement on their sinful
lifestyle. If the God described in the Bible, who designed the organisms
listed above, exists, drowning children (Gen. 7:21-22), waging ideological
wars of attrition (Deut. 20:16-17), stoning disobedient sons (Deut.
21:18-21), owning slaves (Lev. 25:44-46), keeping virginal war prisoners
and massacring the rest (Num. 31:17-18), executing rape victims if they
don't cry out (Deut. 22:23-24), hating your family (Lk 14:26), etc. are
obligatory if He so desires. It's obvious why evolutionists would
reject the concept of God and objective Biblical morality for their
quaint, humanistic notions of "equality," "justice" and so forth. Belief
that we came from a molecular soup (or "magic clay", like that really
hypothesis claims) naturally leads to such insubordination.
But the woeful immorality of evolutionists isn't the subject
of this essay; whether they can account for the magnificent, highly
refined systems found in nature is. They can deny their maker all they
want, but their "scientific" hand-waving rings hollow, for the evidence
screams for itself, so to speak. Which is more reasonable to believe? That
all these incredibly complex, purposeful designs, painstakingly crafted
for the brilliantly-executed infliction of pain and death, are the result
of a blind, totally indifferent natural process, or the culmination of the
master plans of the most devious (and inspired) engineer ever to
To paraphrase William Paley (Natural Theology), if
you're walking along and find a finely crafted Iron Maiden, with fresh
blood stains on it, no less, do you suppose it was put together by chance,
or an Intelligent Designer?