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Title Author Date
Dating the Israelite Exodus Tuesday, Monday Nov 04, 2004
Greetings All,
Below is a chart showing some interesting and relevant information (with appropriate references given, of course) which places the Israelite Exodus from Egypt in 1536 BCE. The anchor for deriving this date is Pharaoh Shishak's invasion of Judea in 925 BCE, some 41 years after construction on the First Temple was begun. This late 16th century date for the Exodus means that the Pharaoh confronted by Aaron and Moses must have been a Hyksos Pharaoh of the 15th dynasty (possibly Apophis), and not Rameses II as is usually assumed. Perhaps some here would like to research this possibility further.


THE ERA OF THE JUDGES: 1536 - 1051 BCE
NAME OF JUDGE NON-JUDGE SUM OF DATE JUDGE ERA ERA YEARS BCE REFERENCES
(Exodus) - - - 1536 Deut. 12:40-42
Moses 40 0 40 1496 Deut. 8:2; 34:7
Joshua 251 0 65 1471 Jew. Ant. 5.1.29
Anarchy 0 18 83 1453 Jew. Ant. 6.5.4
Cushan-rishathaim 0 8 91 1445 Judg. 3:8
Othniel 40 0 131 1405 Judg. 3:11
Eglon/Moabite 0 18 149 1387 Judg. 3:14
Ehud 80 0 229 1307 Judg. 3:30
Shamgar 0¼ 0 229 1307 Judg. 3:31
Jabin/Canaanite 0 20 249 1287 Judg. 4:3
Deborah/Barak 40 0 289 1247 Judg. 5:31
Midianites 0 7 296 1240 Judg. 6:1
Gideon 40 0 336 1200 Judg. 8:28
Abimelech 3 0 339 1197 Judg. 9:22
Tola 23 0 362 1174 Judg. 10:2
Jair 22 0 384 1152 Judg. 10:3
Ammonites 0 18 402 1134 Judg. 10:8
Jephthah 6 0 408 1128 Judg. 12:7
Izban 7 0 415 1121 Judg. 12:9
Elon 10 0 425 1111 Judg. 12:11
Abdon 8 0 433 1103 Judg. 12:14
Samson (20) (0) 433 1103 Judg. 16:31
Philistines 0 40 473 1063 Judg. 13:1
Samuel 12 0 485 1051 Jew. Ant. 6.13.5
Subtotal 356¼ 129 - - Saul 183 224 525 1011 Acts 13:21
David 40½ 0 565¾ 970 2nd Sam. 5:4, 5
First Temple 3¼ 0 569 967 1st Kings 6:1
Total 418 151 - -



There is a total of 569 years between the Exodus and the fourth year of Solomon's reign when construction on the First Temple was begun. Assuming that Pharaoh Shishak (Shoshenq I) invaded Judea in 926/5 BCE in Rehoboam's 5th year, some 41 years after construction had begun on the First Temple, we have: 926 + 41 + 569 = 1536 BCE as the year of the Israelite Exodus from Egypt.

Ciao,
Monday Tuesday

 

Title Author Date
choc philosophers Rubin, Ephraim Aug 25, 2004
Dear Mr. Reich--

Regrettably, I hadn't time to write a reply to Gottlieb. Gottlieb has some valid points in his reaction, but basically I am not impressed by it. If you have some specific questions on the issue, you may ask me.

Regards,

E.R.